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Analysis of Peshitta verse Matthew 27:42

Matthew 27:42 - ܘܳܐܡܪܺܝܢ ܠܰܐ݈ܚܪܳܢܶܐ ܐܰܚܺܝ ܢܰܦ݂ܫܶܗ ܠܳܐ ܡܶܫܟ݁ܰܚ ܠܡܰܚܳܝܽܘ ܐܶܢ ܡܰܠܟ݁ܶܗ ܗ݈ܽܘ ܕ݁ܺܐܝܣܪܳܝܶܠ ܢܶܚܽܘܬ݂ ܗܳܫܳܐ ܡܶܢ ܙܩܺܝܦ݂ܳܐ ܘܰܢܗܰܝܡܶܢ ܒ݁ܶܗ ܀

Translations

(Etheridge) saying, He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Isroel, let him now descend from the cross, that we may see and believe in him.

(Murdock) and said:He gave life to others, his own life he cannot preserve. If he is the king of Israel, let him now descend from the cross, and we will believe in him.

(Lamsa) And they were saying, He saved others, but he cannot save himself. If he is the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, so that we may see and believe in him.

(KJV) He saved others; himself he cannot save. If he be the King of Israel, let him now come down from the cross, and we will believe him.

Grammatical analysis

General Morphological information Suffix information
Word Vocalised ID Root Category Meaning PS JEN CAL Person Gender Number State Tense Form Enclitic Person Gender Number
ܘܐܡܪܝܢ ܘܳܐܡܪܺܝܢ 2:1298 ܐܡܪ Verb say, speak, announce, affirm 20 24 62040-27420 Third Masculine Plural - Active Participle PEAL No - - -
ܠܐܚܪܢܐ ܠܰܐ݈ܚܪܳܢܶܐ 2:7695 ܐܚܪ Adjective another 12 18 62040-27421 - Masculine Plural Emphatic - - No - - -
ܐܚܝ ܐܰܚܺܝ 2:6876 ܚܝܐ Verb live, live, save 139 74 62040-27422 Third Masculine Singular - Perfect APHEL No - - -
ܢܦܫܗ ܢܰܦ݂ܫܶܗ 2:13485 ܢܦܫ Noun soul, breath of life, self 346 142 62040-27423 - Feminine Singular Emphatic - - No Third Masculine Singular
ܠܐ ܠܳܐ 2:10878 ܠܐ Particle no, not 233 107 62040-27424 - - - - - - No - - -
ܡܫܟܚ ܡܶܫܟ݁ܰܚ 2:21256 ܐܫܟܚ Verb find, happen, able 576 222 62040-27425 Third Masculine Singular - Active Participle PEAL No - - -
ܠܡܚܝܘ ܠܡܰܚܳܝܽܘ 2:6922 ܚܝܐ Verb live, live, save 139 74 62040-27426 - - - - Infinitive APHEL No - - -
ܐܢ ܐܶܢ 2:1356 ܐܢ Particle if 20 24 62040-27427 - - - - - - No - - -
ܡܠܟܗ ܡܰܠܟ݁ܶܗ 2:11971 ܡܠܟ Noun king, queen 277 124 62040-27428 - Masculine Singular Emphatic - - No Third Masculine Singular
ܗܘ ܗ݈ܽܘ 2:5030 ܗܘ Pronoun he, it, is 101 59 62040-27429 Third Masculine Singular - - - Yes - - -
ܕܐܝܣܪܝܠ ܕ݁ܺܐܝܣܪܳܝܶܠ 2:704 ܐܝܣܪܐܝܠ Proper Noun Israel 14 20 62040-274210 - - - - - - No - - -
ܢܚܘܬ ܢܶܚܽܘܬ݂ 2:12936 ܢܚܬ Verb descend 336 139 62040-274211 Third Masculine Singular - Imperfect PEAL No - - -
ܗܫܐ ܗܳܫܳܐ 2:5387 ܗܫܐ Particle now 107 62 62040-274212 - - - - - - No - - -
ܡܢ ܡܶܢ 2:12182 ܡܢ Particle from 281 125 62040-274213 - - - - - - No - - -
ܙܩܝܦܐ ܙܩܺܝܦ݂ܳܐ 2:5902 ܙܩܦ Noun cross, the Cross 119 67 62040-274214 - Masculine Singular Emphatic - - No - - -
ܘܢܗܝܡܢ ܘܰܢܗܰܝܡܶܢ 2:1160 ܗܝܡܢ Verb believe, trust 103 60 62040-274215 First Common Plural - Imperfect PAIEL No - - -
ܒܗ ܒ݁ܶܗ 2:2239 ܒ Particle in, by, into, among, at, with, against 33 32 62040-274216 - - - - - - No Third Masculine Singular

This work makes use of the Syriac Electronic Data Retrieval Archive (SEDRA) by Dr. George A. Kiraz, distributed by the Syriac Computing Institute.
Peshitta verses are taken from the Peshitta NT published by the British and Foreign Bible Society.
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