Analysis of Peshitta verse Hebrews 6:4
Translations(Etheridge) But they who once unto baptism have descended [Honun d'chado zaban l'mahmuditho nechathu. The Greek reads, Tous apax photisthentas, " they who have been once enlightened." The rendering of the Peschito here harmonizes with the emblematical way of speaking of baptism, as the mysterion photismatos, " the sacrament of illumination, " that prevailed in the ancient church; and to which an allusion is made so early as the middle of the second century, in the Apology of Justin Martyr. (Apol. i. cap. 80.) The epithet of "the illuminated" might have been applied to the baptized, in primitive days, both because the administration of the ordinance betokened a recognition, on the part of the church, of a certain measure of divine knowledge in the candidate, as well as that it was in itself a medium through which the BELIEVER had the privilege of receiving more of the illuminating grace of the Holy Spirit. Still we have no evidence that, in the tous photisthentus of the Greek text, there was any specific allusion to baptism. In this and the parallel place, in chap. x. 32, the Greek phrase plainly refers to inward and spiritual illumination,-or, as it is expressed in the explanatory terms of verse 26 of that chapter, the receiving the knowledge of the truth] , and have tasted the gift which is from heaven, and have received the Spirit of Holiness,
(Murdock) But they who have once descended to baptism, and have tasted the gift from heaven, and have received the Holy Spirit,
(Lamsa) But this is impossible for those who have once been baptised, and have tasted the gift from heaven, and have received the Holy Spirit,
(KJV) For it is impossible for those who were once enlightened, and have tasted of the heavenly gift, and were made partakers of the Holy Ghost,
This work makes use of the Syriac Electronic Data Retrieval Archive (SEDRA) by Dr. George A. Kiraz, distributed by the Syriac Computing Institute.
Peshitta verses are taken from the Peshitta NT published by the British and Foreign Bible Society.
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